Heart Disease Cases Are Increasing in Rishikesh
- According to Lancet journal, the number of people with diabetes in India increased from 26·0 million in 1990 to 65·0 million in 2016.
- Even the World Health Organisation (WHO) has suggested that the numbers of diabetic people in India will rise to 150.7 from 123.5 million, respectively, in 2040.
“We have worked very hard on this patient. We don’t want anything happen to him. Get the reports done in every six hours and keep a close watch on him,” said Dr. Bhanu Duggal (H.O.D Cardiology Department, AIIMS Rishikesh, Uttarakhand) guiding her colleague over the emergency phone call at late evening.
“Everyday there are at least 3 heart attack emergency cases at AIIMS. The incidents of heart diseases are higher here. There are around 120 patients in OPD everyday. Though, patients look thin here in Rishikesh. Surprisingly, such patients are also having heart diseases. Smoking is the major factor which is damaging the heart of local citizens here,” said Dr. Duggal.
Causes of Increasing Heart Diseases Case in Rishikesh?
Incidents of traditional bidi smoking is very high in hilly areas and some contribution is done by the high altitude. In colder altitude, men and women both smoke a lot to beat the cold.
Dr Duggal mentioned, “As a doctor, I can perform secondary prevention after the heart attack. That is the time when patient comes in contact with us. There are about 120 patients in six hours OPD everyday. Patients continue the drugs but they also continue to follow the same lifestyle which actually causing them heart attack. In this case, patient keeps coming back to us”.
What Are The Solutions?
Health experts suggest that poor lifestyle, less physical activity and smoking habits are causing heart ailments. There is an immediate need of extensive awareness and primary prevention care.
“Most of the heart patients in India belong to 3rd to 5th decade which is shocking. These patients are quite young. The urban and rural divide is diminishing now in hilly areas too. In mountains, people are also adopting the urban lifestyle. Here, westernization has decreased the physical activity of the people. Due to less physical activity, and smoking bidi/cigarette is causing them heart ailments,” she said.
More Facilities Yet To Be Installed At AIIMS, Rishikesh
In the coming months, AIIMS, Rishikesh is going to upgrade additional healthcare facilities for heart patients.
“We are going to install more CCU (Cardiac Intensive Care Unit) and a dedicated cath lab for cardiac patients,” said Dr Duggal.
CCU and cath lab is used in a hospital to provide intensive care for critical heart patients. It helps in continuous monitoring and treatment of such patients.