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Tips To Avoid Heat Stroke This Summer

tips to avoid heat stroke this summer in India

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Highlights

  • About 153 billion hours of labour were lost in 2017 because of rising heat.
  • Long exposure to the heat waves results in a heat stroke.
  • Heat stroke is a medical health emergency.
  • The highest temperature of 45.0°C had already been recorded at West Madhya Pradesh.

Long exposure to the heat waves results in a heat stroke. Health experts say that heat stroke can cause damage to the brain and other organs if one does not get a treatment on time.

Doctors have warned that increasing temperatures as a result of climate change will continue to expose vulnerable populations to additional heat-related diseases and mortality.

“Heat stroke is a medical health emergency. One should take the patient under a cool place immediately. Chill the patient off by sprinkling water and bring the temperature down of the body immediately”, said Dr. S P Byotra, Internal Medicine, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital.

El Niño climate cycle in the Pacific Ocean is impacting weather globally. Because of its effect, 2019 is going to be the hottest year in the human history.

Last year, a Lancet report – Countdown on health and climate change stated that about 153 billion hours of labour were lost in 2017 because of rising heat. It was an increase of more than 62 billion hours since 2000. The most affected areas were India, Southeast Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa and South America.

Summers have already set in India, and temperature is rising from normal to extremely high. According to India Meteorological Department, isolated dust-storms are likely to be there in coming week over Delhi, Rajasthan, South Haryana, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh.

The highest temperature of 45.0°C had already been recorded at West Madhya Pradesh on 4th April 2019.

Adults aged more than 65 years are more vulnerable, especially who are underlying cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, chronic respiratory diseases and those living in urban areas.  

“Diabetic and cardiac patients are more vulnerable during heat waves. They should avoid going out during the peak time of high temperature. Keep having fluids in small amount at different break of the day”, said Dr. R.K. Singal, Director of Internal Medicine, BLK Super Speciality Hospital.

Tips To Avoid Heat Stroke:

  • Do not go out during 12 noon and 4pm without covering your head with umbrella or something, as it is the hottest time of the day during summer.
  • Keep yourself hydrated and increase the intake of water.
  • Have fluids in every 30 minutes of a break if you are working under extreme hot situation.
  • Do not exercise outdoors when the temperature is over 30 degrees Celsius.
  • Wear loose-fitting cotton clothes.
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